Autism in women looks to be a condition that's been less understood than it should.
Up until recently, it was understood that the male/female gender split stood at 3:1 – but it now appears that the number of females who are on this spectrum has been underestimated.
Why? Well, most studies conducted on autism have used male volunteers, meaning that there's greater understanding of how it presents in men. It's also been speculated that women are socialised into masking the condition's symptoms, and so slide under the radar with more frequency.
Hannah Molesworth, 26, is an optician, model and autism awareness campaigner from Weymouth, Dorset. She was misdiagnosed as having anxiety and depression, before being told that she is, in fact, autistic, at the age of 23.
Here's her story.
Autism in women: I was misdiagnosed with anxiety and depression
‘You don’t look autistic – are you sure?’ I’m not sure if anyone could tell you what an autistic person ‘looks like’.
But it hasn’t stopped people from asking me this question. It’s one of many ways in which autism is misunderstood.
Autism is often described as feeling different from those around you. But when all you have to go on is your own experience, it’s hard to know what ‘different’ is.
For me, as a child, it manifested in constant crying, an inability to settle and being overly attached to my parents. By my teen years, I was anxious and miserable, and expressed those feelings by harming myself.
Needy one minute, reclusive the next, I had few friends – and my teachers couldn’t understand my inconsistent behaviour either.
Being told that I had a mental health issue
Suspecting I was suffering from a mental health problem, my mum urged me to see a GP, and by the time I was doing my GCSEs, I’d been diagnosed with anxiety, depression and anorexia.
But none of those labels made sense to me. While it was true I’d been avoiding food, it had nothing to do with control; I just had an aversion to foods with a mushy texture.
And yet, ‘anxiety attack’ is a fitting descriptor for the way I would suddenly become overwhelmed without warning.
On one occasion – during a trip toIkea – the noise and the strip lights and the smell of wood became too much for me to bear. I started crying, then jumped into a wardrobe to avoid people’s stares.
The first person to use the word ‘autism’ in the context of my behaviour was my driving instructor.
I was 17, and taking all of his instructions too literally. If he asked me to ‘pull up on the left’, I would do it–regardless of what the other cars were doing.
Getting increasingly frustrated with me, and fearing I was dangerous, he explained that his brother is autistic, and he encouraged me to see a doctor.
I took myself to a doctor, who, once again, dismissed my concerns.
I couldn’t possibly be autistic, he explained, because I had booked my own appointment.
Over the years, I became an expert at masking the aspects of me that felt different. I blended in enough to go on nights out with friends and, in 2015, I got married. But I was pretending to be someone I wasn’t, and the marriage didn’t last.
Desperate for answers, I decided to pay for a private appointment with an autism specialist and, finally, aged 23, I was diagnosed as autistic.
It was such a relief to have a label; an understanding that there was a reason why I felt the way I felt.
Not that life as an autistic adult has been easy. With no support available to me in my local area, I had to go online in search of coping strategies. There, I found solace in conversations with other autistic people.
They taught me that I wouldn’t be able to stop every meltdown – which could be triggered by a social or sensory situation – but that there were strategiesI could learn to help control them.
How my autism affects my life
I still get caught off guard sometimes. Like when fireworks took me by surprise recently and left me in a shocked, tear-soaked state. I find supermarkets – with all their chatter – similarly unbearable.
But I love live music, and if I know I’m going to be in an environment with loud noise and flashing lights, I can psych myself up for it. I’ve also grown to see the positives of my condition.
I have a really good memory and keen eye for detail, like being able to
tell my mum without missing a beat that she put a set of spare keys in a coloured pot in a cupboard in a particular room 10 years ago.
One of the biggest challenges is how others respond to autism. I’ve filled my life with people who understand my condition– people who don’t take it personally if
I’m not feeling up to going out and who understand if I have to leave a party early. It means that my bubble is often burst by comments from strangers.
Moving into awareness activism
Yes, autistic people can sit in the pub and drink a pint with you; no, I’m not like that guy from The Big Bang Theory.
Frustration over the public perception of autism led me to start the hashtag #DoILookAutisticYet? It went viral and I hope it opens people’s eyes to the reality of autism. But it’s also for anyone who feels like I did; anyone who’s been given a mental health diagnosis that doesn’t quite fit.
Push for answers and you might find one that does.
What is autism?
Dr Sarah Vohra, consultant psychiatrist and author, @themindmedic, says:
'Autism develops from early childhood and affects how a person sees themselves and the world, and how they interact with those around them.
Until recently, research put the male/female gender split at 3:1 – but new evidence suggests the number of women with the condition has been underestimated. It can manifest in a spectrum of difficulties, affecting people in different ways.
Individuals may struggle with social communication and reading other people. They may also be sensitive to particular sounds, textures and tastes– the latter often affecting their diet.
There is no cure for autism but where individuals struggle with mental health conditions associated with autism, such as depression and anxiety, they may require therapy or medication.'
Find out more about Hannah’s autismawareness campaign at facebook.com/doilookautisticyet and on @doilookautisticyet
SOOTHING EMOTIONS WILL GUIDE YOU WITH RESEARCH, ARTICLES, AND INTERACTIVE TOOLS TO HELP YOU ON THE JOURNEY OF NAVIGATING YOUR MENTAL HEALTH.
Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn't worth living.
More than just a bout of the blues, depression isn't a weakness and you can't simply "snap out" of it. Depression may require long-term treatment. But don't get discouraged. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychological counseling or both.